approximately 650 to 750 RPM. The speed of the lathe can be fairly slow if you are using sharp toolsas you shouldand have a nice piece of wood mounted in place.
Re-center the Blank
Chances are good that the bowl blank has warped and the old" center is probably not the current" center of the bowl. I turn a flat spot on the top of the bowl and put a pencil mark on it (see Fig. 5). This lets me know if I have to re-center the blank and how far I must move it.
I use the 5/8" deep bowl gouge to remove just enough wood from the interior of the bowl to eliminate any warped areas and re-true the blank. Then I use the gouge to turn the outside of the bowl just so it is round. I can now use the double-ended calipers to measure the bowl and determine just how much wood I have to work with at this point.
Turn and Refine the Outside
and hands will tell me when the shape is just right. Your hands will sometimes give you more information than your eyes because they can actually feel any lumps or bumps that still need to be removed.
Once I am satisfied with the shape, I begin to shear scrape the outside of the bowl to remove any tearout and/or other imperfections that might remain (see Fig. 6). I use both a left and right hand shear scraper (shown fifth and sixth from left in Fig. 10) to do this. I use the small spear
point tool to get into the area down next to the foot of the bowl where it would be awkward to use the larger tools.
Using the shear scrapers is easy if you keep a couple of things in mind; primarily, keep a very light touch and take off small shavings. Do not get too aggressive! I hold the tools at about a 45 degree angle.
I use walnut oil to lubricate the cut. I apply a liberal coat and use the shear scraper to remove a small amount of wood. Then I re-oil the bowl and take another cut. I have found that the oil softens" the wood and makes it easier to get a clean cut.
Remove the tool rest (and stand) and re-oil the
wood. Now I use an ordinary, hand-held cabinet scraper held below
the centerline at a 45 degree angle to the wood (see Fig. 7). This
final light cut will remove any tool marks that might remain and
will leave a surface finish that will require little sanding. The
cabinet scraper is only used on the outside of the bowl. NEVER,
EVER attempt to make any cuts on the interior of the bowl with this